Bedsores

These painful ulcers are a potentially serious problem for anyone who is bedridden, confined to a wheelchair, or lacks sensation because of paralysis or some other condition. If a person does not change position every few hours, either independently or with help, blood flow is reduced wherever there is unrelieved pressure. The result is cell death, skin deterioration, and eventually, the development of pressure sores. Places where bone is close to the skin, such as the heels, hips, and base of the spine, are particularly vulnerable.

Diagnostic Studies and Procedures

A bedsore is usually diagnosed by observation. The first warning sign is an area of redness over a pressure point. The skin there gradually thickens and swells, leading to blisters and open sores. Finally, skin ulcerations develop, sometimes becoming progressively deeper until the bone is exposed. At this stage, osteomyelitis, a serious bone inflammation, is likely to develop.

Medical Treatments

If the source of pressure is identified and corrected at an early stage, bedsores can be treated with special gels, creams, and antibiotics. More advanced bedsores require debridement to remove the dead tissue. Special gels or 1.5 percent hydrogen peroxide may be applied to speed sloughing, so that the diseased tissue can be lifted away with forceps. Deeper sores require surgical removal of damaged tissue and bone. Skin grafts may be needed to cover large areas.

Alternative Therapies

Severe bedsores always require medical treatment. For milder cases, certain homemade remedies can be used, but special care must be taken to avoid infecting open wounds.

Herbal Medicine

Many herbalists recommend myrrh for bedsores because of its astringent and antiseptic properties. Before use, however, it should be tested on a small area of skin to make sure that it does not cause further irritation, and it should never be applied to an open sore.

Hydrotherapy

Wet dressings and special whirlpool baths promote the sloughing of dead tissue. Whirlpool baths also facilitate healing by increasing blood flow to the skin.

Naturopathy

poultices of certain natural substances are recommended for the treatment of weeping sores, but if a wound is deep or infected, a health professional should be consulted. A poultice made of raw, unprocessed honey is said to promote healing. So too is a dressing of papaya pulp or a poultice of grated raw or mashed cooked carrots placed on the sore and changed every two to three hours.

Self Treatment

To prevent bedsores from developing or from progressing past the initial stages, self care is fundamental. If you are the patient, shift positions frequently and be alert to any red or sore spots. If feasible, exercise in bed to maintain muscle tone and good circulation. This helps to prevent not only bedsores but also the formation of clots that can lead to phlebitis, a pulmonary embolism, or other serious complications. Periodically lift each foot, one at a time, move it in a circle, and flex it up and down. Then lift each leg in turn, without bending your knee, and hold it up for a count of 10 seconds. As strength increases, hold the legs up for longer periods. Knee bends can also be performed while lying in bed, by lifting each leg in turn and flexing and straightening the knee joint. Try to do all of the above exercises four or five times a day, gradually increasing the number of repetitions during each session. In a wheelchair, use a foam rubber cushion covered with sheepskin and raise your buttocks off the seat periodically. Do not sit for extended periods in the same position. If you are caring for someone who is unable to move himself, shift the patient every few hours. Keep the skin clean and dry by washing it thoroughly at least once a day, or more often if the patient is incontinent. Avoid rubbing harshly; gentle sponging with a small amount of soap is best. Pat the skin dry with a soft towel and apply talcum powder where needed. Use a moisturizing lotion to prevent dryness. Change sheets every day or two, or whenever they are soiled or damp. If the patient eats in bed, make sure that all crumbs and food particles are carefully removed after each meal. An egg carton type of foam rubber pad under the bottom sheet can help relieve pressure. A water bed also can help distribute the body’s weight more evenly. Consider using a bed cradle that will keep the covers away from the knees, toes, and heels. For extra protection, sheepskin pads can be used to cushion the heels and elbows, and a larger sheepskin mat can be placed under the buttocks to cushion the hip.

Other Causes of Skin Ulcers

Bacterial infections can lead to skin ulcers, as can varicose veins and other circulatory problems in the legs.

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Diet Food

What is a diet food?

Diet food comprises of vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, eggs, fish, and meat. Dietary requirements vary from age, sex, occupation, lifestyle and many other factors. For instance high carbohydrate diet is required for energy. Basic components such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats roughage and water are essential part of a diet. A diet containing all these components in an appropriate amount is called as balanced diet. An adequate diet supplies required nutritional needs and sufficient amount of energy. The average amount of calories required by a human in a day is 2000 units. But women need fewer calories as compared to men. Diet food plays a key role in providing adequate amount of energy to the body. Everyone needs minerals, proteins, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates etc for the maintenance and regulation of their body functions and building up of body tissues.

About the components of the diet

Carbohydrates include starch and sugar and are major source of energy. Starches and sugars are present in fruits, pulses, grains, nuts, vegetables and milk etc. they protect the body from high cholesterol level and obesity.

Proteins comprise of long chains of amino acids of different kinds. They are body building material, repair cells and regulate body metabolism. They also assist body’s immune system. Almost all fruits and vegetables contain proteins.

Fats contain fatty acids and glycerol. They provide large amount of energy to the body. There are two types of fats- saturated and unsaturated. Unsaturated fats are very important for healthy skin, brain, bones, nerves etc.

Minerals are inorganic substances which are required in very small quantities in our body but they play a very important role in the balanced diet. They build and maintain teeth and bones. Its deficiency can lead to brittle teeth and bones. Minerals are present in milk, bread, cheese etc.

Vitamins are organic substances which help in normal functioning of the body.

Nail Fungus Symptoms

Many people suffer from some form of nail fungus symptoms. We do our best to not show our toe nails to anyone for fear that someone might see the brittleness of discoloration of the nail. So instead of wearing open toe shoes or sandals, we cover our feet up in stuffy socks and hot shoes.

There are many options for solving all these fungus problems. However, many of them use dangerous chemicals and abrasive measures to treat the problem. Some of them don’t even work, but offer a false hope to individuals who are attracted to the inexpensive price tag.

What Is Nail Fungus?

But what causes this nasty little fungus? When you are out in the normal world, you encounter many different forms of microbes, one of those are fungal spores. These microscopic organisms don’t normally tend to be a problem, but if they get under the nails of your skin, it provides a warm and moist place for them to grow.

Over time as debris enters the nail, from normal walking or walking in the home barefoot, it provides nutrients to help the spore thrive even more. That along with normal bathing provides it with the moisture needed to grow and expand.

As the fungus grows, so do the symptoms. They can include loosening of the nail, discoloration, crumbling, thickening, and even distortion of the nail’s natural shape. While this can also happen to finger nails, fungal symptoms are more common in the feet because most of the time they are in shoes or shocks providing the perfect environment for the fungus to grow.

How Can I Treat It?

There are several inexpensive and natural ways of treating a nail fungus problem before even going to pills, sprays or zeta clear solution. They include:

  • Tea Tree Oil – simply wipe it on the nail a few times a day, it will break down the fungus.
  • Cut your nails short to where they are just at the edge of the toe. Clean underneath them with a file and keep them dry. Avoid wearing shoes and socks when possible.
  • Vinegar – Soaking your toe nails in this solution and letting them air dry provides another natural way of attacking the fungus at the source.

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HGH Testing

A balance is very necessary to maintain the normal functioning of the body system and anything in excess or too little can cause serious problems, excess of HGH especially in childhood can lead to gigantism while less of HGH in the body can lead to dwarfism.

IGF-1 or Insulin Growth Factor without which HGH benefits are not seen at all, as these two work hand in hand and you can state that if the HGH level is high so will the IGF-1 level be high in the body. To check the amount of IGF-1 in the blood all you need to do is to undergo a simple test where in you need to submit two samples of your blood on two successive days.

Why is it necessary to test for HGH?

Excess or less of growth hormone can lead to a number of illness and to prevent them testing for HGH becomes important. One illness which is prominent is acromegaly wherein you usually find a tumor in the pituitary gland; the most important thing is that necessary equipments should be available when treating the patient with HGH injections so as to monitor the progress.

The patient is told to lie still without moving for some time so that blood can be drawn out for testing as physical activities like exercises can affect the production of the hormone and the testing may not be accurate. Another reason for the report not being accurate may be due to the use of certain drugs in which estrogen is used as in case of contraceptive pills and corticosteroids. The patient should mention the use of these drugs in case of use before going in for the testing procedure.

How does one go about testing for HGH?

This test is conducted by collecting more than one sample of the blood on two different days in order to see the change in the levels of the hormone. Usually IGF-1 test is done because the change in the level takes place slowly. Before going in for the test the laboratory technician should be informed about any abnormalities or disorders which could lead to excessive bleeding.

Reports vary from lab to lab but then all the labs follow the same guideline i.e. for men the level should be 0-5ng/ml, for women 0-10ng/ml and for children 0-16ng/ml and anything above the normal indicates that the person is suffering from gigantism. This can lead to tumors in the pituitary gland. The increase in the level of GH in the body may be due to starvation, diabetes etc.

Growth hormone tests are conducted after the patient is asked to consume large amounts of sugar, the level of sugar should decrease, if the level increases then acromegaly can be a genuine problem. GH stimulation tests are done to check the GH level in the body before insulin is introduced in the blood. Post insulin GH level should be higher under normal conditions and if not then the patient should be treated for the deficiency of GH.