Botanical name: Gentiana lutea
Actions: Alterative, antacid, anthelmintic (vermifuge), anti-bilious, anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-venomous, bitter tonic, cholagogue, emetic (large doses), emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, laxative (mild), stimulant, stomachic, tonic, sialagogue.
Parts used : Root
Gentian originally comes from meadows in Europe and Turkey. However, it is now also cultivated in North America. The root is used in herbal medicine. This plant has a thick, branching, yellowish-brown root that produces a hollow, erect stem reaching four feet in height. The stem bears opposite obovate leaves which are bright green, sessile, and have five prominent veins. Lower leaves are also present and emerge from the root. Large, orange-yellow flowers bloom from July to August, appearing in the upper leaf axils, growing in whorls of 3 to 10 blossoms. The fruit is an obovate capsule.
Medical uses and benefits of Gentian
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