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Home :: Knee Synovitis With Effusion

Knee Synovitis With Effusion

Inflammation of the synovium, the smooth, lubricated lining of the knee. The synovium's lubricating fluid helps the knee move freely and prevents bone surfaces from rubbing against each other. Inflammation triggers an excess of fluid production and accumulation in the knee. Synovitis with effusion is often a complication of a knee injury or of collagen diseases, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.


  • Synovium of the knee.
  • Bones of the knee joint, including the patella (kneecap), femur (thigh bone), and tibia and fibula (lower leg bones).
  • Ligaments and soft tissue of the knee joint, including the meniscus (cartilage of the knee).


  • Single injury or repeated injury that damages any part of the knee.
  • Bacterial infection (frequently gonorrhoa).
  • Metabolic disturbance, such as an acute attack of gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Pain in the knee (sometimes).
  • Swelling above the kneecap.
  • Generalized swelling and redness if the inflammation is caused from infection or joint disease, such as gout, rather than from athletic injury.


Follow your doctor's instructions. Instructions are supplemental.

  • Follow doctor's instructions for treatment of the underlying condition.
  • Use an elastic bandage to compress the knee after fluid has been removed and between physical therapy sessions.
  • Apply heat frequently.Use heat lamps, hot soaks ,hot showers, heating pads, or heat liniments and ointments.
  • Take whirlpool treatments, if available.
  • Massage gently and often to provide comfort and decrease swelling.


  • Your doctor may prescribe:Antibiotics if infection is present. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or antigout medicine. Injection of a long-acting local anesthetic mixed with a corticosteroid to help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • You may take aspirin or ibuprofen for minor discomfort

Home Diet

During recovery ,eat a well-balanced diet that includes extra protein, such as meat, fish, poultry, cheese, milk and eggs. Increase fiber and fluid intake to prevent constipation that may result from decreased activity.

Prevention Tips
  • Engage in a vigorous muscle strengthening and conditioning program prior to beginning regular sports participation. Warm up adequately before workouts or competition.
  • Wear protective knee pads during participation in contact sports.
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