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Poisoning from Household Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial Chemicals
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If You Have to Move the Casualty

Poisoning from Industrial Chemicals

The use of hazardous industrial chemicals is generally strictly controlled and regulated, and staff who work with such substances are aware of the specific first aid and safety requirements. For most people, contact with dangerous industrial chemicals will be through a chemical spill at a road accident or a problem at an engineering plant.

First Aid Treatment

Many industrial chemicals can be absorbed through the skin or inhaled so it is important not to approach an accident scene unless you are sure you can do so safely. If you are at all unsure of the risk, do not approach the scene. Instead, call the emergency services immediately, giving as much information about the incident as you can. Encourage casualties who can to move away from the source of any danger.

Inhaled poisons

Where possible, remove the casualty from the chemical. lf this is not possible, then ensure that the area is well­ventilated (open doors and windows).

If in doubt, do not stay in the room yourself. Many chemicals have no odour or obvious effect and you may not be aware that you are being poisoned.

  1. Monitor and maintain the casualty's airway and breathing and be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.
  2. If the casualty becomes unconscious, place in the recovery position.
  3. If the casualty is conscious, help into the most comfortable position. If there are breathing problems this position is most likely to be sitting up.
  4. Call an ambulance and give as much information as you can.

Poisons on the skin

  1. Do not contaminate yourself. Wear protective clothing if available.
  2. Wash away the chemical with water, taking care to flush the contaminated water away from both yourself and the casualty.
  3. Monitor and maintain the casualty's airway and breathing and be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.
  4. Call an ambulance and reassure the casualty until help arrives.

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Disclaimer: website is designed for educational purposes only. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent any disease. Always take the advice of professional health care for specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment. We will not be liable for any complications, or other medical accidents arising from the use of any information on this web site. Please note that medical information is constantly changing. Therefore some information may be out of date.