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First Aid
Alcohol Poisoning
Anaphylactic Shock
Back and Spinal Injury
Bleeding from the Head or Palm
Bleeding From Special Sites
Breathing Difficulties
Burns and Scalds
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Chest or Abdominal Wounds
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Crush Injuries
Drug Poisoning
Emergency Childbirth
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
External Bleeding
Eye Wounds
Food Poisoning
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures, Dislocations and Soft Tissue Injuries
Fractures of the Ribcage
Fractures of the Skull Face and Jaw
Fractures of the Upper Body
Heart Problems
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Internal Bleeding
Poisoning from Household Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial Chemicals
Sprains and Strains
Other Types of Burn
Unconscious Casualty
If You Have to Move the Casualty

Bleeding from the Head or Palm

Bleeding from the head is usually caused by a blow. The scalp in particular has a rich blood supply and even a small wound can bleed heavily. The palm of the hand is commonly cut while cutting objects or through a fall. Bleeding is often severe as the palm also has a rich blood supply. There are many tendons and nerves in the hand, and wounds to the palm may be accompanied by loss of movement or feeling in the fingers.

Signs and symptoms of skull fracture, concussion and compression

Skull fracture

  • Bruising to the eye socket
  • Pain
  • A bump or dent in the skull
  • Straw-coloured fluid coming from one or both ears
  • Casualty becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive over a period of time. Does she respond slowly to questions or commands? Is she having problems focusing?


  • Pale skin
  • Dizziness, blurred vision or nausea
  • Headache
  • Brief or partial loss of consciousness


  • Person becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive
  • Flushed and dry skin
  • Slurred speech and confusion
  • Partial or total loss of movement, often down one side of the body
  • One pupil appears to be larger than the other
  • Noisy breathing, which becomes slow
  • Slow, strong pulse

How to treat head bleeds

Treatment should include taking full details of what happened and checking for signs of head injury, such as skull fracture, concussion or compression.

  1. Help the injured person to sit or lie down.
  2. Check for any signs of head injury. Treat as appropriate.
  3. Using a sterile bandage, apply direct pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.
  4. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing or a clean pad. Tie this in place with a bandage.
  5. Take or send the casualty to hospital as soon as possible.

If the casualty becomes unconscious, monitor and maintain airway and breathing and be prepared to resuscitate as necessary.

How to treat bleeding from the palm

  1. Help the casualty to sit or lie down. Apply direct pressure to the wound and raise the arm. lf the person has had a fall, take care to rule out a broken arm or collar bone before raising the arm.
  2. Place a sterile dressing or clean pad in the hand and ask the casualty to grip her fingers over it. Bandage the fingers so that they are clenched over the pad. Leave the thumb exposed. lf there is an embedded object in the wound, treat the hand flat and bandage around the object. lf tendon damage means that the fingers cannot be clenched, bandage the wound with the hand flat.
  3. Treat for shock if necessary. Keep the casualty warm, at rest and reassure him or her.
  4. Support the arm in an elevation sling and take or send the casualty to hospital.

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Disclaimer: website is designed for educational purposes only. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent any disease. Always take the advice of professional health care for specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment. We will not be liable for any complications, or other medical accidents arising from the use of any information on this web site. Please note that medical information is constantly changing. Therefore some information may be out of date.