Bunion Foot Surgery - Bunion Treatment
A bunion is an abnormal enlargement of the joint (the first metatarsophalangeal joint, or MTPJ) at the base of the great or big toe (hallux). It is caused by inflammation and usually results from chronic irritation and pressure from poorly fitting footwear.
Overgrowth of tissue at the base of the great (big) toe. Bunions may be congenital or hereditary. A bunion often impairs athletic performance until it is corrected with medical treatment or surgery.
Signs and symptoms
Bunions are diagnosed by examination. Your doctor may also order x-rays to determine the severity of the condition and to rule out other causes.
Painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen can ease the pain caused by a bunion. If the bunion develops as part of a more widespread arthritis, then other medication may be advised. Antibiotics may be needed if the bunion becomes infected.
Surgery may be required for persistent or severe cases. An orthopaedic surgeon can help you decide if surgery is the best option for you.
Most bunion surgery is performed under ankle block anesthesia, in which your foot is numb, but you are awake. General or spinal anesthesia is used occasionally. The anesthesiologist will stay with you throughout the procedure to administer other medications, if necessary, and to make sure you are comfortable.
The surgery takes about one hour. Afterwards, you will be moved to the recovery room. You will be ready to go home in one or two hours.
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