Alcohol depresses the central nervous system, which is the centre of our thoughts, feelings and senses, and responsible for coordinating all movement and body processes. In the early stages of drinking, this creates a relaxed feeling and impression of increased confidence. Continued drinking can affect the ability to make rational decisions and, as consumption increases, slow down breathing and even cause loss of consciousness. The effect of alcohol on the body is affected by factors including weight, body fat and history of alcohol intake. What may be a safe level for one person may have serious effects for another.
Effects of high intake
There are four key risks following a high alcohol intake:
Signs and symptoms
Eventually, breathing may become shallower and the pulse weaker and faster.
If you do not feel that an ambulance is necessary, ensure that the person is not left alone, that the airway and breathing are regularly checked and that the casualty is in a safe, warm place until he is better.
Long-term effects of alcohol
Drinking alcohol within safe limits may be beneficial for health, helping to protect against stroke and heart disease, but if you have more than a couple of alcoholic drinks a day, there are more risks than benefits.
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